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Healthy Sleep for Your Child

Establishing a relaxing bedtime routine is an easy way to start getting into school mode. It is recommended your child to have three or four calming activities before bed. No matter which activities you’ll choose, it is important to stay consistent with it. This will become a cue for your child that it’s time to sleep. You should start with a physical activity before dinner, which will exhaust your child out. After dinner you can take activates like relaxing bath, brushing teeth and putting pyjamas on. All these activities are associated with children falling asleep faster and sleeping better.┬áSpecific food and drink consumed before bedtime can confuse your child’s body and steal his sleep. Avoid feeding your children fatty foods, sugary snacks, carbs and soft drinks. Healthy eating has been proven to promote quality sleep. It’s better to consume white rice, oatmeal, nuts, fruits or a cup of herbal tea. In addition, feed your child at the right time. Dinner time has to be at least 2 hours before bedtime. This can help your child to establish healthy

Test for Hearing Loss

Hearing loss should never be neglected and you should seek the consultation of an Audiologist, Otolaryngologist or Otologist if you feel the above mentioned symptoms.

A hearing loss is diagnosed based on the person’s history, behaviour and the results of medical and audiological examinations. You would then be examined to know of the causes of the hearing loss, and if it can be treated. The most common way by which one could suffer from a loss of hearing is with the fluid in the middle ear or wax in the ear canal not being taken care of.

There are a several things you can do to hear and cope better in situations that have caused you difficulty in communicating with the help of hearing aids and hearing problem treatments.

In case you are diagnosed with a hearing loss, you have to undergo a full hearing test. This test will recognize the degree and type of hearing loss you may have developed and also determine if you could be helped by hearing aids. The hearing health professional

About Winter Eye Problems

Tearing Eyes

Apart from winter weather drying out your eyes, the cold weather can also make your eyes over produce tears which can be very annoying and can make vision blurry. The best thing to help with this is to wear glasses, goggles, or sunglasses when outside to avoid the wind causing watery eyes. Also, if you are wiping your eyes to get rid of the tears make sure you use clean tissues or cloths to avoid infection. Excessive tearing eyes can also be caused by other factors such as infection, blocked tear duct, or surprisingly dry eyes, so if you are concerned make an appointment with your eye clinic or opticians so they can check it out.

Tired Eyes

The winter months are darker and natural light is less which can make certain tasks more difficult, reading and writing for example. Straining your eyes to see in lower light can cause eyestrain making your eyes feel tired quicker than usual. To help avoid this try having a lamp on when carrying out close work and

Smart Contact Lenses

Let me try to put this technology into perspective. Imagine going to the convenience store after a long day’s work. You are there to pick up your favorite adult beverage. Once you find your beverage you stand in line and wait to be served at the cash. As you impatiently stand there you decide to try and expedite the purchase process by having your credit card and license ready to hand to the cashier. Unbeknownst to you, while standing in line with your card in hand, there is a gentleman standing behind you wearing smart contact lenses with the ability to record. He carefully focuses on your financial and personal information hoping to later review the recording and compile the information to be used for nefarious activities. Cautious as you are remaining aware of your surroundings you handle your cards in a vigilant way, hiding any prominent numbers or personal info limiting risk. As you finally get to checkout you quickly and carefully hand your credit card to the cashier for review and processing, avoiding any prying eyes. Unfortunately you are oblivious to the fact that the cashier is new to the job and that he has a

Corneal Transplants

Deep Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty (DALK)

This type of cornea transplant is a partial thickness transplant and replaces the front 99% of the cornea with a donor cornea. Unlike penetrating keratoplasty, DALK keeps the back layers of the cornea, the Descemet’s membrane and endothelium layer, in place and it is used as an alternative to PK, when these back layers of the cornea are healthy. The surgery itself is carried out much the same as PK, but just less donor cornea is used. Again, stiches are used to keep the donor tissue in place, but as only part of the cornea has been replaced, healing and visual recovery are usually quicker than what are seen with PK. To get the best vision following surgery, glasses or contact lenses may need to be worn.

Endothelial Keratoplasty (EK)

This type of cornea transplant is a partial thickness transplant and replaces only the back layers of the cornea. Unlike to above two transplants, EK can be further split into two methods; Descemet’s stripping endothelial keratoplasty (DSEK) and Descemet’s membrane endothelial Keratoplasty (DMEK). Both DSEK and DMEK are very similar and the procedure to carry them out is the same,

Common Eye Conditions

According to optometrists in America some of the most common vision complaints that people make when they visit their eye doctors are blurry vision, photophobia (also commonly known as light sensitivity, macular degeneration, eye twitching, eye floaters, Glaucoma, dry eyes, cataracts, lazy eye, color blindness, Blepharitis (inflammation of the eye lids), Strabismus and pink eye to name a few.

Here are some definitions of some of these vision conditions along with some possible causes. Additionally,here are some eye conditions that can be treated by pursuing a natural vision improvement program of eye exercises:

Glaucoma: A serious eye disease that is caused by damage to the optic nerve as a result of the buildup of unhealthy pressure in the eyes. This condition is one of the leading causes of blindness in the United States.

Macular Degeneration: An eye disorder characterized by vision loss in the center of your field of vision. There are 2 particular types of macular degeneration. These include wet macular degeneration and dry macular degeneration.

Dry Eyes: A condition caused by an insufficiency in tear production in the eyes. This is caused by a variety of factors including age, weather, environmental factors,

Diabetic Foot Ulcers

  1. Patients tend not to initially feel them and this allows the ulcer to grow (wider and deeper rather than the ulcer actually “growing”) and become complicated
  2. If you had no issues then a cut is usually sore and the body has a really good way of treating them. However a diabetic usually has complications that tend to reduce healing
  3. Diabetics have a normal reduced immunity
  4. In some cases the circulation is poor to allow adequate healing/getting antibiotics to the area
  5. Any ulcer can be quick to heal or take a really long time (years with some leg ulcers)
  6. Even when the ulcer is healed it will take 2 years to heal the underlying structures. That means that area is fragile for a long period of time and the occurrence of another ulcer on the same site is quite high.
  7. The foot is a complicated place to have an ulcer because you need your feet to walk- so any dressing under the foot tends to get squished out. Any rubbing or pressure areas (most of the underside of the foot) will add to reduced circulation. The foot is far away from everything and

Increase Macular Density

One particular part of the eye called the Macular controls our central vision. The word macular is defined in Latin as yellow spot. Therefore, the macular is defined as the small yellow spot that is found in the center of the retina in your eyes. This particular yellow spot is this specific color due to the fact that it has the highest concentration of carotenoids in the eyes. Carotenoids are defined as the pigmentation found in fruits and vegetables that give these vision foods their red, green, blue, purple or yellow colors. Some examples of carotenoids include carrots and blueberries. In the case of the macular the 2 main carotenoids found in the macular are Lutein and Zeaxanthin. Why is it so important to increase the macular density of our eyes? This is due to the fact that neglecting the care of our macular health via poor nutrition may increase the risk later on in life for the age related vision disease macular degeneration; an eye disorder characterized by a loss of central vision that leads to blindness.

Therefore, what can you do to increase the macular density of the eyes? 1 We can eat vision foods

Smartphone Use Effects On Your Sleep

This is due to the fact that when we don’t get a quality night’s sleep our eye health suffers. But did you know that there is actually a connection between our exposure to blue light rays at a particular time of the day that can disrupt our body’s normal circadian rhythm? What is the body’s circadian rhythm? According to the national sleep foundation the circadian rhythm refers to a 24 hour internal clock that basically controls your normal sleep cycle. It includes periods of the day between sleepiness and alertness at regular intervals. In other words it’s like an internal clock that tells us when to get up and when to retire to bed and it determines our sleeping patterns. For example, some people at certain periods of time during the day, for instance, in the morning between 4 am and 6 am experience cycles associated with low energy. These low energy levels often carry into the afternoon periods whereby people feel like taking an afternoon nap between 2.30 and 3.30 pm. Then, there is a high energy peak after this period that extends to about 6 pm. This can differ depending on your daily schedule as some

Magnesium For Better Vision

Some general health benefits of taking Magnesium include lower blood pressure. This is due to the fact that magnesium plays a role in regulating normal heart function. From this point of view it assists the heart as a natural remedy for heart palpitations due to the fact that it maintains a normal heart rhythm. It also helps you to maintain normal blood pressure. Concentrations of magnesium are also found in the bones and skeletal muscle. Therefore, this mineral supports bone health. Magnesium is also useful in the sense that due to the fact that it is considered a muscle relaxant it is used by athletes to alleviate sore muscles. There is also an application that applies to relieving anxiety and depression. For instance, a deficiency in this mineral causes these symptoms as this mineral also regulates the healthy function of the nervous system. It is also important in regulating energy levels and improving the health of the immune system. But did you know that Magnesium also supports eye health? Here are some eye health benefits of magnesium for better vision:

Helps in Absorption of various vitamins: magnesium is involved in absorbing Vitamins A, C and B and

Reversing Diabetes Is A Process of Mastery

On a more positive note, you know what you must do. You know you need to get healthy. It is a given you can eat healthily and include a reasonable amount of exercise in your lifestyle. Perhaps it would be wise for you to seek the guidance of a therapist experienced in working with people who have diabetes. Thinking of yourself as a victim without any choices to make in your life will not work. Having Type 2 diabetes does not mean you cannot live a full, productive and fun-loving extraordinary life. Ideally, you should seek the assistance of your medical doctor to work in partnership with you.

Don’t let diabetes exacerbate. It can and likely would result in serious complications. It can put your life at risk and probably shave years off your life. Understand Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease with complications. It is not a condition that suddenly arises and can immediately be treated with medical intervention. But this does not mean you cannot take control of your health…

  • read books,
  • subscribe to magazines specializing in diabetes, or
  • take it on yourself to search the internet for information.

Treat it with your intervention.

Superfoods Protect Your Vision

Without getting too bogged down in the science, blue light is a part of the visible light spectrum. The human eye is only sensitive to visible light, part of the electromagnetic spectrum that’s represented by colours. Light that’s referred to as ‘blue’ has a very short wavelength and so produces a higher amount of energy. That means, over time, exposure to the blue end of the visible light spectrum could cause serious long-term damage to our eyes.

It can be found just about everywhere. It is produced by the sun, which means it is pretty hard to avoid. When we’re outside, the shorter, high-energy blue light collides with the air molecules, which causes it to scatter all over the place and that is why the sky looks blue.

However, as well as the sun, other sources of blue light include digital devices such as computers, laptop, smartphones and tablets, and it is our increasing exposure to these sources of light that are causing such concern.

Because it has a shorter wave-length than other visible light, blue light flickers more than longer, weaker wavelengths and this the cause of eyestrain, headaches and mental fatigue for those

Knee Pain

The people that are mostly affected by knee pain are athletes, but there are some common individuals who are severely affected by this condition too. One of the main causes of this pain is sudden and jerky movements. Athletes, especially, are likely to have sudden movements that may contribute to development of pain in the knee area. Since the knee is a joint, it is very vulnerable to pain because sudden movements may result into a severe impact that may cause severe pain.

Another common cause of knee pain is injury. Things such as awkward landings, falls, trips as well as accidents can result in knee damage. Athletes are very vulnerable to knee injuries since they are always proactive. Basketball players, for instance, are very prone to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) which happens when the ligaments that are located in the shinbone and thighbone are damaged. People who carry out repetitive, strenuous activities such as jumping jacks without resting also stand a high chance of getting strains in their knees.

Tendon inflammation is another factor that can cause severe knee pain. When the tendons become overused, they become susceptible to infections that may cause a lot

Stop Morning Breath

An environment that contributes to morning breath is one that is dry. As we sleep throughout the night, our salivary glands slow down (or for some older people, they shut down completely) because our brain knows we are not eating. This lack of saliva combined with the constant flow of air (for those of us who snore or are mouth breathers) over our palate makes for a very DRY environment on the tongue, within the oral cavity, and in the throat. These dry areas are the breeding grounds of the anaerobic (without oxygen) sulfur producing bacteria that cause bad breath and taste disorders, and thus, when we awake we have morning breath. Saliva is nature’s way of protecting us from bad breath because healthy saliva contains high concentrations of oxygen, the natural enemy of anaerobic bacteria.

What most people don’t know is that this is NOT something you have to live with!

The key to stopping this condition is to find a way to stop the production of those volatile sulfur compounds (VSC’s) during the night as you are asleep. One way would be to increase the production of saliva within the back of your throat

Comfy Feet

Brazilians value their foot health, and they treat their feet with the utmost care. Although every culture is different, some of the most serious side effects of bad health are neglected feet. For example, in diabetes, we check feet on every exam. This is because the first signs of complications from diabetes can often be seen in feet. What are your feet telling you about your health? Go ahead and buy those shoes that give them the extra comfort they need. Who knows, maybe that will help you be as active is you want to be as well. Here are some pointers on picking the right shoes, directly from Harvard:

Shop for shoes in the afternoon, as your feet expand throughout the day.
Wear socks that you would normally wear.
Walk in the shoes before purchasing, and trust your own comfort fit more than size!

As I think about the past 10 years in medical missions, I think the best stories are of being able to give someone the gift of new shoes. For many of us it’s easy to take for granted that we can have the right shoes we need. But, this is definitely

Laser Teeth Whitening

Laser teeth whitening is a great way to have white teeth in the minimum amount of time. You don’t have to wait days to see the desired results; they’re noticeable almost immediately. To begin with, your dental health professional will clean your teeth in the normal way. This removes any plaque or other debris that could adversely affect the whitening process.

Then, a whitening gel is applied to your teeth, and you are placed in position for the laser treatment. Basically, the purpose of the laser is to accelerate the process by activating the whitening gel. Although many people are very happy with the results after one session, sometimes it will take several sessions with gel and laser if the teeth have a significant amount of staining or discoloration.

Like many convenient solutions, laser teeth whitening doesn’t come cheap. You can purchase a home teeth-whitening kit from the local drug or grocery store, and pay only a few dollars. For that outlay you’ll probably just get a whitening toothpaste, but you can usually get the more sophisticated gel or molding based whitening kits for under $100. Laser teeth whitening is more likely to cost you between


Selenium is a trace mineral that is found in various concentrations in the soil and the water. Its health benefits include a variety of purposes from the prevention of heart disease, various forms of cancer, to the promotion of a stronger immune system. This trace mineral also supports the health of the Thyroid.

Eye Health Benefits: A 2012 scientific research study showed that Selenium may protect the eye lens and prevent the age related vision disease cataracts. This is due to the fact that Selenium is a component of an enzyme found in the mother of all antioxidants; L-Glautathione. This is an essential antioxidant critical in maintaining healthy eyesight. Research suggests that lower levels of this essential antioxidant contributed to an increased risk for cataract formation.

When Zinc is combined with Selenium a benefit may be achieved in terms of a reduction in the risks for the development of Glaucoma. This is a serious eye condition characterized by an unhealthy increase in eye pressure. It results in damage to the optic nerve and if it is untreated it can lead to blindness.

Selenium provides general health support in terms of various health functions in the

Mini Summer Detox

There is definitely something positive about moving from the heaviness of comforting heavy foods to lighter cleansing nourishing foods. Not only that, there is more to choose from because the onset of summer means more ripe produce.

To kick-start the cleansing process, it’s always a good idea to start lightening up your diet. As well as fruit and vegetables, add lots of dark green leafy vegetation. The best way to eat these is in the form of fresh vegetable juices and smoothies, particularly if you are not used to eating fruit and vegetables, most people enjoy smoothies and juices. Ease up on processed foods, sugar, caffeine and alcohol.

When you start eating lighter, you will feel the difference. Other bonuses include clear skin, much less bloating, better sleep and far more energy than you know what to do with!

Swap your usual breakfast for a freshly made smoothie. You can either make it yourself, which in that case, use 60% greens such as spinach and 40% fruit. Use no more than two fruits. Blend with a little water or 50% water and 50% pure fresh juice, if you prefer it a little sweeter. Coconut water


There are some steps that you can take in order to correct problems associated with Astigmatism. Here are some nutritional tips that you can take into account as a natural remedy for this eye problem. The first thing that you can do is to pay careful attention to your diet. This is due to the fact that there is a connection between the quality of our vision health and the quality of the kind of nutrition that we consume. Therefore, here are some nutritional tips to correct astigmatism.

You can include lots of fruits and vegetables in your diet. Fruits and vegetables consist of vision supporting nutrients and antioxidants that improve vision health. Another thing that you can do is that you can avoid certain types of foods. Some examples of such foods include sweets, foods that consist of unnatural ingredients such as saccharine, harmful food additives such as red 40 and foods that consist of aspartame, formaldehyde and nitrates.

These food additives can have a negative effect on the visual system and cause problems with your eyes. The pursuit of an eye exercise program to improve your vision naturally can improve the natural shape of

Cochlear Implants

Both children and adults who are deaf or severely hard-of-hearing can be candidates for implants. According to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), more than 324,200 people worldwide have received implants till date.

You need an implant if you:

  • Have moderate to profound hearing loss in both ears
  • Receive little or no benefit from hearing aids
  • Score 50% or less on sentence recognition tests done by hearing professionals in the ear to be implanted
  • Score 60% or less on sentence recognition tests done by hearing professionals in the non-implanted ear or in both ears with hearing aids.

Cochlear Implant Procedure

The surgical procedure for cochlear implants starts with a careful evaluation by ENT surgeon, anesthetist, audiologist and physician. A little incision in made at the back of the ear and then the surgeon implants the receiver. The receiver is then connected to electrodes that are surgically inserted inside the cochlea. The surgery usually takes 1-2 hours to complete.

Benefits of Cochlear Implants

  • You develop more confidence in different social situations
  • You speak at normal hearing level
  • You communicate better
  • You start enjoying the world of new sounds

The United Nations Development Index ranked Nigeria 152 out of


Plums are packed with vitamins and minerals such as Vitamins B1, (Thiamine), Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin), Vitamin B3 (Niacin), B-6 and Vitamin E. Additional nutrients include Vitamins A and C, Potassium, Magnesium, Calcium, Iron and Zinc to name a few. This is a good snack if you are watching your calories. It is very low in calorie content and also rich in fiber that gives it properties useful in terms of weight loss.

Eye Health Benefits: Research provided by The Archives of Ophthalmology shows that a serving of 3 or more fruits including plums can help to reduce the risks for the age related vision disease macular degeneration. The vitamin A and beta- carotene content in plums are beneficial in maintaining healthy eyesight. This tasty fruit also possesses carotenoids that help to protect the macular tissues of the retina and reduces the risks for age related vision disorders.

Maintains Healthy Cholesterol Levels: A research study revealed that the juice from plums and prunes has health promoting properties that aid in raising the good cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and reducing the bad cholesterol, LDL cholesterol.

Improves Brain Health: Research shows that the flavonoids present in plum juice can


Anthocyanin is a type of flavonoid, a type or class of compounds that contain antioxidant properties in them. Found naturally in a number of foods, anthocyanins are the pigments that give red, purple, and blue plants their rich coloring. In addition to acting as antioxidants and fighting free radicals, anthocyanins may offer anti-inflammatory, anti-viral, and anti-cancer benefits.

Flavonoids are defined as a group of plant metabolites that are thought to provide health benefits through cell signaling pathways and antioxidant effects.

In herbal medicine, anthocyanin-rich substance have long been used to treat several health conditions like: high blood pressure, colds, and urinary tract infection.

Recent research suggests that anthocyanins may also help fend off major health problems, including heart disease and cancer.

Heart Disease

Anthocyanins help enhance our heart health. In a study conducted last 2010, they have discovered that anthocyanins improve and lower cholesterol levels and improve sugar metabolism as well as protect us from oxidative stress which is a contributing factor to heart disease.

Continuous intake of anthocyanin prevented high blood pressure to some based on the study conducted in 2011 by the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.


Nerve Conditions

This refers to a condition whereby the nerve between the fourth and third toe increases in thickness and thus prevents painful symptoms. The most common signs of Morton’s Neuroma are shooting pains and burning sensations between the fourth and third toes, which are usually most sever while walking or exercising. Women are more likely to be afflicted by men as the condition is made worse by prolonged use of high-heeled shoes.

Pinched Nerve

A pinched nerve is another common cause of foot pain and can present pretty much anywhere across the foot. More often than not, a pinched nerve will be the result of some kind of injury or trauma, which could mean anything from an overly tight shoe to a heavy impact from/against a blunt object. Telltale signs of a pinched nerve include burning sensations, shooting pains and general sensitivity around the affected area.

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

It could also be that the problem behind the foot pain is Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome, which is the name given to the condition whereby the posterior tibial nerve is squeezed or pressed upon around the ankle. Along with the obvious symptoms like frequent cramping and general